Inflammation of the pancreas – pancreatitis – locks the entire digestive system. In all of the enzymes in the processing of proteins, fats and carbohydrates are. Pancreatitis can be acute or chronic, but in the case of any Form required to go on a diet.
General rules for the diet
In this pathology, the main task of the digestive system is spared in the mechanical, chemical and thermal Plan. Healthy diet for pancreatitis of the pancreas often the inflammation heals, restores its function, protects the stomach and intestines from the effects of aggressive food, reduces the active work of the gall bladder and prevents the liver from diseases.
Patients should food to eat, on the table № 5P according to the classification of Nikolaus Pevsner. The food should be nutritious, but with a reduced content of fat and carbohydrates, namely sugar.
An increased volume of Protein foods may. In this way, you can prevent the transition of the liver fatty liver and the incidence of Diabetes mellitus. Per day a certain amount of nutrients should be eaten:
- Proteins – 100-120 G, 65% - of animal origin.
- Fat – 80-100 G, of which 15-20% - of vegetable origin.
- Carbohydrates – 300-350 G of sugar in them – 30-40 g.
- Salt food – 6-10 G, the food is better to a little salt.
- Fluid Intake – 1.5-2 Liters.
Energy value per day should not kcal more than 2500-2600. Daily calories the doctor, taking into account the existing weight, and health condition of the patient must be calculated.
- Mechanical preparation of the products. In the Phase of acute illness the dietary is necessary to RUB off, to the condition of the mash and cook a few. It is maximum gentle to the stomach and the digestion of food easier.
- The temperature of the food. You can't eat hot or cold foods. The optimum temperature of 20-50 degrees.
- Moderate Servings. Don't eat too much in the case of the considered disease, not to burden the diseased Organ and the entire System.
- Power-Mode. Eating should be a fraction – 5-6 times a day, moderate amounts. So the load disappears, the organs, the food quickly, and easily digestible, not abdominal pain after eating.
- The prohibition of alcohol and tobacco. In this disease of alcohol promotes the accumulation of Plaques in the channels of the gland, without the release of the secretions into the duodenum. To digest iron is inflamed it even more and starts to even itself. And nicotine inhibits the synthesis of the enzyme, resulting in acetaldehyde.
Covered insidious disease, it is necessary to strictly follow the diet, because, otherwise, the trouble comes and the whole treatment is ineffective.
How long does a diet should, by the course of the disease. First, always keep a very strict diet, and then the limits of acceptable food to expand gradually.
That you for pancreatitis?
Admitted in the considered pathology products need to be easy, not the work of the pancreas obstruct, then you need less enzymes to produce.
The food must be processed quickly and more rapidly from the stomach and intestine to yield, without formation of gas formation, increases the already severe pain in the abdomen.
Diet should be more protein, because the enzymes that synthesized iron, are made of them. What foods you can eat without fear of the next attack, a list:
- Bread. Rusk, stale, dry biscuits, rusks.
- The Soups. Preferably made of pureed vegetables: pumpkin, potatoes, carrots, zucchini. You can cook with noodles, Greece? Porridge or oatmeal.
- Meat. Just lean to Sky fillet of veal, chicken breast, Turkey, rabbit. Use only boiled or prepared on pair, cutlets, quenelle, Beef Stroganoff.
- Fish. Dry species: carp, coalfish, cod, steamed or boiled fish.
- Grits. Allowed pureed semolina, semolina, rice-porridge on the water, half milk, oatmeal, casseroles of cereals with cottage cheese.
- The milk and milk products. Low-fat milk, low-fat cottage cheese, not sour, yogurt, Kefir, sour milk. You can content to eat cheese with a low fat and unsalted.
- Eggs. Omelet made of egg whites and the egg yolk only once a week.
- Vegetables. Allowed potatoes, beets, cauliflower, pumpkin, zucchini, carrot, boiled green peas.
- Candy. Instead of Sand, take Xylitol. What fruit can in pancreatitis: ripe and not sour fruit and berries, may of them compotes, Mousse, jelly cook wiped everything clean. You can make a sweet baked apples.
- Sauces. You have to cook the vegetable broth and the milk, the flour.
- Fats. You eat Butter, but not more than 30 G per day, vegetable oil refined – 10-15 G and season the finished food on the plate.
- Drinks. Drink weak tea with lemon, a decoction of rose hips, mineral water without carbonic acid, fruit juices, previously diluted with water in a ratio of 1:1.
This diet is at a chronic pancreatitis during the rest. During exacerbation of diet changed drastically, what, unconditionally.
What is prohibited?
Diet for inflammation of the pancreas does not allow the use of the products, increase the release of gastric juice and the secretion of the gland. If it produces more enzymes and do not go completely to the processing of food, they begin to corrode the tissue of the patient's body. To reduce the secretion of enzymes and the rapid elimination of inflammation is necessary to abandon the use of the following products:
- The Soups. You can't eat soups on meat, fish and mushroom broth, consisting of a variety of ingredients: shchi, borsch. Milk soup is also prohibited, and cold, for example, okroshka.
- Fresh bread made from rye or wheat, toasted rolls, cakes, sweet baked goods.
- Meat. Pork and lamb, gussjatin, and the duck, that is, fat-containing species, offal, sausages, smoked, canned food.
- Fish. Fatty types, fried, smoked, salted and canned.
- The milk and milk products. You can't eat fatty types of milk products: sour cream, cheese, cream.
- Grits. Prohibited are: barley, pshenka, corn flour and wheat groats. They are long digested, resulting in the release of hydrochloric acid.
- Eggs. Boiled hard-boiled and fried eggs.
- Vegetables. You can not eat cabbage, radishes, beets, eggplant, sweet and bitter pepper, spinach, garlic, radishes.
- Jam, chocolate, raw and not rubbed off fruits and berries (grapes, figs, bananas), ice cream.
- Spices. All sharp spices: pepper, horseradish, vinegar and the like.
- Coffee, strong tea, sweet sodas, cocoa, grape juice.
It is forbidden to use when cooking solid fats: beef, mutton, pork fat, Bearish, and the like. All of this is difficult to recycle sick digestive tract.
Nutrition in acute pancreatitis
Acute pathology of the gland in the first two days requires the full abstention from food. The Patient needs absolute rest and physical and emotional. Alkaline drinking alkaline mineral water, weak unsweetened tea and broth hips. In addition, you can put a heating pad with ice on the belly. Then a couple of days the meals will be in the Form of additions.
Of the day in small portions 4-5 patients low-calorie food may be in the Form of liquid paste-rasmasni, slimy decoctions. With 5-6 days, you give the egg-white omelette, mashed porridge made of buckwheat or oatmeal, cooked vegetables and a little bread crumbs. Food take 6 times a day small amounts. Then it can be used in Puddings, Desserts, casseroles. After the removal of the acute Phase, the Patient number 5P goes on a diet.
Diet in chronic pancreatitis
If pancreatitis acquired the chronic Form, the person is almost always dietary foods must eat. Experts have for this particular table number 5P, task, the nutrition is aiming for maximum facilitation of the work of the pancreas, its complete peace of mind. This is achieved by the proper chemical composition of the food, the size of the portions. In menu protein dominated by reduced rich foods, carbohydrates and fats occurs, a complete waiver of the crude fibre and the heavy grades of meat. Cook food strictly steaming, boiling or braising.
You can not drink alcohol drinks taste and eat with hot spices In Remission, you can expand the list of permitted products, but not to the limits of the list of allowed products is higher.
Diet for pancreatitis of the pancreas in the event of aggravation, if the pathology of a chronic Form, exactly as in the case of acute pancreatitis. For the first two days of rest and only drink the liquid porridge and pureed soups, which the diet also extended to include the other two.
From the General list of permissible dishes, you can choose to eat a acceptable combination is boring and tired. That in the course of the day:
- Salad of boiled beets, stewed fruit.
- Low-Fat Cottage Cheese, Broth Hips.
- A couple of scrambled eggs, tea and biscuits.
- Porridge, Gruel.
- Buckwheat Porridge, Tea.
- Baked Apple with apricot.
- Beaten egg white.
- Rice with raisins.
- Mashed carrots and pumpkin.
- Soups and borscht in lean meat broth.
- Chicken Schnitzel.
- Steamed fish with rice.
- Macaroni after-flotski.
- Vegetables steamed.
- Jellies made from fruits or berries.
- Bread with Butter and cheese.
- Jelly from the berries.
- Fried potatoes.
- Puree of beans.
- Vinaigrette yogurt and cheese.
- Omelet and rjaschenka.
- Milk, rice and yogurt.
- Cauliflower is cooked and coagulated.
- Caviar, zucchini and yogurt.
This is the approximate menu, from which you will each dish take or come even those products that are allowed to eat, cook and wise, even the end of the diseased Organ.
Help to relieve the burden on the state, while at home, you can using various herbal decoctions and infusions. The most effective when pancreatitis are: St. John's wort, wormwood, hawthorn, agrimony, mint, St. John's wort, Aloe, chamomile, and others.
You can use them individually, but they work better in a training camp. During an exacerbation of the best herbal doctor, and a decoction of rose hips is.
Many patients troubled by the question of whether honey in pancreatitis? Yes, it is possible, honey is easier to digest than sugar, so you can be replaced well-known and quite harmful to the human body sweetener.
The more patients with pancreatitis, it is forbidden, cakes, pastries and other sweets. Honey for inflammation of the pancreas is of great advantage: reduces inflammation, improves immunity, helps in wound healing.
The diet for pancreatitis of any Form – this is the right road to recovery. If this be neglected, then severe complications can occur and get out of this Situation is difficult.